Understanding and Reducing the Spread of Misinformation Online


Understanding and reducing the spread of misinformation online
Authors: Gordon Pennycook, Ziv Epstein, Mohsen Mosleh, Antonio Arechar, Dean Eckles, David Rand
Created on November 13, 2019

Supplemental Materials: https://osf.io/p6u8k/

Accuracy prompts decrease sharing of false and misleading news content
Contributors: Gordon Pennycook, David Rand
Date created: 2019-08-29 12:07 AM

Twitter thread by David Rand:

For RT:

“There’s a Method Underlying What Appears to Be Trump-GOP Madness”

Full article: https://terikanefield-blog.com/the-trump-reality-show/

See also: https://twitter.com/TimothyDSnyder

Nigel-Farage’s 2015 Manifesto

“UKIP” And “The Brexit Party Limited” Are Cooperating

 See also: http://www.surreyheathukip.org.uk/ (archived: 2018-08-10 | 2019-05-18)

I don’t know, however, where UKIP is likely to lead the vote share.

Also interesting: Nigel Farage’s 2015 UKIP manifesto

Brexit Party Manifesto

Nigel Farage needs the Brexit to reach his political goals. At the end of this post you find links to a manifesto for which Farage is responsible.


Nigel Farage refuses to do his homework as a leader of a party which intends to send members to the EU parliament. Because of Farage’s objectives beyond Brexit, having a debate on Brexit only is not enough. Based on what is available from this founder of company number 11694875, @Richardmassey82 helped Nigel Farage to get Farage’s homework done.: Richard compiled a brief version of the manifesto of The Brexit Party Limited.

The primary objective of The Brexit Party Limited is Brexit. But to Farage (“Occupation: Leader Of A Political Party”), Brexit of course has a purpose. To him, Brexit is a means to pursue the following objectives (besides his personal financial interests) without interference from the EU:

  1. Bring back handguns after kneejerk ban after children killed in Dunblane.
  2. Scrap the NHS.
  3. Scrap maternity pay for all women in small businesses.
  4. Bring back corporal punishment in schools.
  5. Ban the building of mosques.
  6. Reduce foreign players in English football.
  7. Root out Jewish influence in government.

This is why you need to understand why Farage wants to hide the manifesto of The Brexit Party Limited.



Nigel Farage‘s objectives didn’t change: Take control back from EU so that he and his financiers have better control over their business environment in the UK. This is why he founded the company The Brexit Party Limited. Below you find Farage’s 2010 manifestos and more:

(There also is a separate page for these links.)

Reading the Mueller Report

Teri Kanefield‘s blog posts on Reading the Mueller Report also are available as Tweets. At the end of each blog entry there is a linksto the related thread. Go there for the comments.


Part I: “A Sweeping and Systematic” Attack on America
The scope and scale of the Russian cyber attack on the U.S. was breath-taking and horrifying. From Special Counsel: “The Russian government interfered in the 2016 presidential election in sweeping and systematic fashion.” …

Part II: Links Galore
While the Russian government was busy interfering in the presidential election in “sweeping and systematic fashion,” what were members of the Trump Campaign doing? …

Part III (was IV): Why More Crimes Weren’t Charged
Why weren’t more crimes charged from the behavior described in Vol. I? First reason: Special Counsel (SC) was not able to collect all the evidence for a variety of reasons (Mueller Report, page 10)…

Part IV (was IV-2): The June 9, 2016 Trump Tower Meeting
Why weren’t crimes charged as a result of the June 9, 2016 Trump Tower Meeting? We’ll begin with the “facts.” By “facts” I mean what the prosecutors have enough evidence to prove. …

Part V: Links but no “coordination”
All those links—but no “coordination.” How can that be? Mueller’s task was to determine whether there were “links and/or coordination” between the Trump Campaign and Russia. Mueller found links galore. …

Part VI: Barr v. Mueller
I wasn’t planning to write about Barr or anything extraneous to the Mueller Report as I march through my reading and analysis. But then I read Vol II (Obstruction) pages 1-2, and I have no choice. …

Part VII: Mueller Does IRAC
Vol. II lays out the factual findings from the Mueller investigation regarding obstruction of justice. A few comments about “facts” and “evidence.” Not all evidence is admissible in court. The rules of evidence are intended to screen out unreliable evidence …

Part VIII: Sometimes Lying and Obstructing is a Crime. Sometimes it isn’t.
It’s time for some Fun With Criminal Law. (That means more IRAC) Remember, IRAC is a method of legal analysis. …

The Redacted Mueller Report Is Out


EU Election System in the UK

 Effective threshold in electoral systems